[CSP] Test PT19ST07 – Current Affairs

#1. Consider the following statements about the Zero Budget Natural Farming, ZBNF:

1. It is a farming practice that believes in natural growth of crops without adding any fertilizers and pesticides or any other foreign elements.

2. A ZBNF practicing farmer has zero cost of inputs and thus has better capacity to increase the incomes.

3. ZBNF crops help in retaining soil fertility and are climate change resilient.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 3 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 2 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

#2. Global Centre for Cybersecurity has been launched by- and shall function as an autonomous organisation under

(a) ICANN Security and Stability Working Group

(b) Organisation of Economic Cooperation and Development

(c) Internet Society

(d) World Economic Forum

 

#3. The Inclusive Development Index is released by

(a) World Economic Forum

(b) Organisation of Economic Cooperation and Development

(c) United Nations Industrial Development Organisation

(d) United Nations Development Programme

 

#4. Talley Valley Wildlife Sanctuary is located in which of the following states?

(a) Meghalaya

(b) Arunachal Pradesh

(c) Assam

(d) Tripura

 

#5. What is Tholu Bommalata ?

(a) Traditional martial art form of Kerala

(b) Traditional dance form of Tamil Nadu

(c) Traditional puppetry art form of Andhra Pradesh

(d) Traditional weaving form of Karnataka

 

#6. Consider the following statements:

1. Inter-State Council is a constitutional body.

2. Union Home Minister is the ex-officio chairperson of InterState Council.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

#7. ‘Gyetongba’ is text associated with

(a) Zoroastrianism

(b) Sikhism

(c) Jainism

(d) Buddhism

 

#8. Consider the following statements:

1. The National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission (NCDRC) was set up under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006.

2. The commission is headed by a sitting or retired judge of the Supreme Court of India.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

#9. Consider the following statements about the Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandan Yojana:

1. It is a pension scheme exclusively for the senior citizens aged 60 years and above.

2. The scheme is exempted from service tax/GST.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

#10. Multi-sectoral Development Programme, which has been recently restructured as Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram, was launched during the

(a) 9th Five Year Plan

(b) 10th Five Year Plan

(c) 11th Five Year Plan

(d) 12th Five Year Plan

 

#11. Common Service Centres, which are sometimes in news, have been set up under the

(a) Digital India Programme

(b) Make in India Programme

(c) Stand-Up India Programme

(d) Startup India Programme

 

#12. Which of the following is the second largest inter-governmental organization after the United Nations?

(a) OIC

(b) EU

(c) OECD

(d) ASEAN

 

#13. Which of the following terms is/are generally associated with the banking industry?

1. Advance Pricing Agreement

2. Prompt Corrective Action

3. Non Performing Assets

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(a) 2 and 3 only

(b) 1 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 2 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

#14. Consider the following statements:

1. The Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC) is the apex body constituted under the Environment Protection Act, 1986.

2. The GEAC is responsible for approval of proposals relating to release of genetically engineered organisms and products into the environment including experimental field trials.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

#15. Which of the following have been provided with the Geographical Indication tag recently?

1. The Chau mask of Purulia

2. The wooden mask of Kushmandi

3. The Kathakali masks of Wayanad

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

#16. The Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, which aims to conserve terrestrial, aquatic and avian migratory species throughout their range, is under the aegis of the

(a) Birdlife International

(b) World Wildlife Fund

(c) The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds

(d) United Nations Environment Programme

 

#17. Mount Merapi, which is sometimes in news, lies

(a) on the Sumatra island

(b) on the Borneo island

(c) to the south of the Equator

(d) to the north of the Equator

 

#18. Which of the following countries is/are part of the South Asia Wildlife Enforcement Network, SAWEN?

1. Maldives

2. Sri Lanka

3. Bhutan

4. Afghanistan

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(a) 3 only

(b) 1, 2 and 3 only

(c) 1, 2 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

 

#19. Banihal-Qazigund tunnel is a road tunnel through the

(a) Zaskar Range

(b) Pir Panjal Range

(c) Dhauladhar Range

(d) Ladakh Range

 

#20. The Singchung Bugun village community reserve is located in which of the following states?

(a) Meghalaya

(b) Nagaland

(c) Arunachal Pradesh

(d) Sikkim

***********************************************************************************************

HINTS:

Ans 1: (a)

ZBNF is set of natural farming methods where cost of growing and harvesting plants is zero. It is a farming practice that believes in natural growth of crops without adding any fertilizers and pesticides or any other foreign elements. It is different from organic farming. The word Zero Budget refers to zero net cost of production of all crops. The main aim of ZBNF is eliminate use of chemical pesticides and uses biological pesticides and promote of good agronomic practices. Farmers use earthworms, cow dung, urine, plants, human excreta and such biological fertilizers for crop protection. It lowers cost of inputs of farmers and gives better capacity to increase the incomes. It also protects soil from degradation and helps in retaining soil fertility and is climate change resilient.

Ans 2: (d)

The World Economic Forum (WEF) has launched new Global Centre for Cybersecurity in a bid to safeguard world from hackers and growing data breaches — especially from nation-states. The centre will be headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. The Global Centre for Cybersecurity will function as an autonomous organization under WEF. It will help to build a safe and secure global cyberspace. Its aim is to establish first global platform for governments, businesses, experts and law enforcement agencies to collaborate on cybersecurity challenges.

Ans 3: (a)

India was ranked at 62nd place among emerging economies on Inclusive Development Index (IDI-2018) released by World Economic Forum (WEF). Norway remained world’s most inclusive advanced economy, while Lithuania topped list of emerging economies. Inclusive Development Index (IDI) measures progress of 103 economies on three individual pillars – growth and development; inclusion; and inter-generational equity. It has been divided into two parts. The first part covers 29 advanced economies and second 74 emerging economies. The index takes into account the living standards, environmental sustainability and protection of future generations from further indebtedness. The index also has classified countries into five sub-categories in terms of five year trend of their overall Inclusive Development Growth score — receding, slowly receding, stable, slowly advancing and advancing.

Ans 4: (b)

Talley Valley Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary as well as a bio-diversity hotspot located in Arunachal Pradesh. It is situated at altitude of 2400 metres with rivers like Pange, Sipu, Karing and Subansiri flowing through the Reserved Forest and Sanctuary. Talley is plateau with dense forest of silver fir trees, pine clad plateau of beautiful grandeur, and vast wasteland. It mainly comprises sub-tropical and alpine forests and has variety of flora and fauna, many of which are endangered. It is home to highly endangered species like clouded leopard. Pleioblastus simone is a bamboo variety only found in Talley Valley. Arunachal Pradesh as a whole contains 40% of the floral and faunal species in India.

Ans 5: (c)

Tholu Bommalata is the shadow puppet theatre tradition of the state of Andhra Pradesh. Tholu Bommalata literally means “the dance of leather puppets”.

Ans 6: (a)

Article 263 of the Constitution of India provides for the establishment of an Inter-State Council. Its composition is as under: Prime minister who is the chairman. Chief ministers of all states who are members. Chief ministers of union territories and administrators of UTs as members. Six union ministers of cabinet rank in the union council of ministers nominated by the prime minister are also members.

Ans 7: (d)

Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH) is engaged in restoration works of a trove of more than 600 pages of rare Tibetan manuscripts which contains Buddha’s teachings written in gold letters. The restoration work is being carried out at Mak Dhog Monastery in West Bengal. The manuscripts contain the ancient Tibetan text called Gyetongba, which contains teachings of Buddhism. The manuscripts are in the Tibetan script Sambhota, named after its inventor.

Ans 8: (b)

The National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission (NCDRC), India is a quasi-judicial commission in India which was set up in 1988 under the Consumer Protection Act of 1986. The commission is headed by a sitting or retired judge of the Supreme Court of India.

Ans 9: (c)

The Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandan Yojana is a Pension Scheme exclusively for the senior citizens aged 60 years and above. It is exempted from service tax/GST.

Ans 10: (c)

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs approved the proposal for renaming and restructuring of Multi-sectoral Development Programme (MsDP) as Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram. Multi-sectoral Development Programme (MsDP) was launched in the year 2008- 09 in 90 identified Minority Concentration Districts (MCDs) having at least 25% minority population and below national average with respect to one or both of the backwardness parameters with the objective of developing assets for socio-economic and basic amenities.

Ans 11: (a)

Common Services Centers are a strategic cornerstone of the Digital India programme. They are the access points for delivery of various electronic services to villages in India, thereby contributing to a digitally and financially inclusive society.

Ans 12: (a)

Organisation of Islamic Cooperation is an international organization founded in 1969, consisting of 57 member states. It is the second largest inter-governmental organization after the United Nations.

Ans 13: (a)

Reserve Bank has initiated prompt corrective action against public sector lender Dena in view of high non- performing loans, restricting the bank from giving fresh credit and new hiring. Prompt Corrective Action is invoked when certain risk thresholds are breached. There are three risk thresholds which are based on certain levels of asset quality, profitability, capital and the like. The third such threshold, which is maximum tolerance limit, sets net NPA at over 12% and negative return on assets for four consecutive years. The Advance Pricing Agreement scheme was introduced in the Income-tax Act in 2012 and the “rollback” provisions were introduced in 2014. The scheme endeavors to provide certainty to taxpayers in the domain of transfer pricing by specifying the methods of pricing and determining the prices of international transactions in advance.

Ans 14: (c)

The Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC) is the apex body constituted under ‘Rules for Manufacture, Use, Import, Export and Storage of Hazardous Microorganisms/Genetically Engineered Organisms or Cells 1989’, under the Environment Protection Act, 1986. The GEAC is responsible for approval of proposals relating to release of genetically engineered organisms and products into the environment including experimental field trials.

Ans 15: (a)

The Chau mask of Purulia, the wooden mask of Kushmandi, the Patachitra, the Dokras of Bengal, and Madhurkathi (a kind of mat) have been presented with the Geographical Indication (GI) tag by the Geographical Indication Registry and Intellectual Property India.

Ans 16: (d)

Ans 17: (c)

It is an active stratovolcano located on Java island of Indonesia and lies to the south of the Equator.

Ans 18: (d)

SAWEN is a regional network comprises eight countries in South Asia –Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. It aims at working as a strong regional intergovernmental body for combating wildlife crimes by attempting common goals and approaches for combating illegal trade in the region.

Ans 19: (b)

It is a 8.45 km road tunnel in the Pir Panjal range in Jammu and Kashmir connecting Banihal and Qazigund.

Ans 20: (c)

Singchung Bugun Village Community Reserve in Arunachal Pradesh has been awarded the India Biodiversity Award for its effort to conserve the critically endangered bird – Bugun liocichla.

**********************************************************************************************************************

Leave a Reply

%d bloggers like this: