[CSP] Test PT19ST08 – Current Affairs

#1. Bharni, Katchni, Tantrik, Godna, and Kohbar are styles of which of the following types of folk paintings?

(a) Madhubani paintings

(b) Warli paintings

(c) Pattachitra paintings

(d) Kalmakari paintings

#2. ‘Sammakka-Sarakka’ was recently in news. What is it?

(a) A tribal dialect spoken in Nagaland and neighbouring States

(b) A tribal form of weaving prevalent in Sikkim and northern West Bengal

(c) A tribal festival of Telangana and surrounding States

(d) A tribal practice of water conservation practiced in southern Odisha and northern Andhra Pradesh

#3. Consider the following statements:

1. Defence Acquisition Council is headed by the Union Defence Minister.

2. Defence Planning Committee is chaired by the National Security Advisor.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

#4. Which of the following is/are among the members of the Island Development Agency?

1. Cabinet Secretary

2. Home Secretary

3. Defence Secretary

4. Tourism Secretary

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(a) 1, 2 and 4

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 2, 3 and 4

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

#5. To demonstrate the potential of satellite technology for development of rural areas, Village Resource Centres have been established by

(a) Defence Research and Development Organsiation

(b) Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram

(c) Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bengaluru

(d) Indian Space Research Organisation

#6. Consider the following statements:

1. The Ashgabat Agreement aims to develop a shortest trade route between Central Asian countries and Iranian and Omani ports.

2. India recently joined the Ashgabat Agreement.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

#7. Consider the following statements:

1. The TurkmenistanAfghanistan-Pakistan-India Natural Gas Pipeline (TAPI) Project is a crude oil pipeline to transport crude oil from Turkmenistan to India.

2. TAPI pipeline is being developed by the Asian Development Bank.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

#8. The theme of the World Congress on Information Technology 2018, that concluded recently in Hyderabad, was

(a) Artificial Intelligence

(b) Future Enterprises

(c) Internet of Things

(d) Future Is Here

#9. Consider the following statements about ‘Operations Greens’ announced in the latest general budget:

1. It aims to promote farmer producers organisations, agrilogistics, processing facilities and professional management.

2. It also aims to aid farmers and help control and limit the erratic fluctuations in the prices of onions, potatoes and tomatoes.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

#10. The Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor is a mega infrastructure project that will pass through

1. Uttar Pradesh

2. Haryana

3. Rajasthan

4. Gujarat

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(a) 1, 3 and 4

(b) 1 and 3

(c) 2, 3 and 4

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

#11. Montreux Record, which is sometimes in news, is related to the affairs of

(a) Ramsar Convention

(b) Stockholm Convention

(c) Convention on Biological Diversity

(d) Rotterdam Convention

#12. Which of the following is/are among the findings of the India State of Forest Report, 2017?

1. After Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka has shown the maximum increase in the forest cover.

2. After Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh has the largest forest cover in terms of area.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

#13. Which of the following is/are among the ‘critical sectors’ as identified by the National Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Centre in connection with the protection of the critical information infrastructure?

1. Telecom

2. Transport

3. Power & Energy

4. Banking, Financial Services & Insurance

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(a) 1, 3 and 4

(b) 1 and 3

(c) 2 and 4

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

#14. Which of the following is not among the littoral states of the South China Sea?

(a) Philippines

(b) Vietnam

(c) Indonesia

(d) Russia

#15. Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana aims to

(a) provide electricity connection to every household

(b) create a national power grid

(c) provide LPG connections to the poor households

(d) provide clean energy cooking fuel to every household

#16. The Cabinet recently approved the National Policy on Biofuels – 2018. Consider the following statements in this context:

1. First generation biofuels are made from sugar or starch only.

2. Second generation biofuels are produced from sustainable feedstock.

3. Third generation biofuels are biofuel derived from algae.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

#17. Consider the following statements about the National Nutrition Mission launched by the Government of India:

1. The mission aim to bring down stunting among children in the age group of 0-6 years to 25% by 2022.

2. The mission aim to reduce the prevalence of anaemia among women and adolescent girls in the age group of 15-49 years by 9% at the rate of 3% per annum.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

#18. Consider the following statements:

1. The ‘Adopt a Heritage’ Scheme was launched in 2017 on the occasion of ‘World Heritage Day’.

2. The scheme aims to develop the heritage sites / monuments and make them tourist friendly to enhance the tourism potential and their cultural importance in a planned and phased manner.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

#19. Consider the following statements:

1. National Cultural Audiovisual Archives (NCAA) project of the Ministry of Culture, Government of India has been certified as the world’s first Trusted Digital Repository.

2. The NCAA project is being implemented by Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

#20. Consider the following statements:

1. The Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI) was established under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.

2. AWBI is headquartered in Chennai.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

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HINTS:

 Ans 1: (a)

Madhubani is a style of folk painting is also known as Mithila, for its origin is said to be the Mithila region in Bihar. Traditionally, the Madhubani paintings are created using fingers and twigs, and items like matchsticks have come to be used in their creation in recent times. Their various styles include Bharni, Katchni, Tantrik, Godna, and Kohbar, which would historically be painted only by women from the upper strata in the caste system, who would make them on mud walls on special occasions.

Ans 2: (c)

Sammakka-Sarakka Jatara is held by forest dwelling Koya tribe of Telangana and surrounding States and it is the biggest Tribal festival in Asia.

Ans 3: (c)

The Centre has set up a Defence Planning Committee (DPC) chaired by National Security Advisor (NSA) to facilitate “comprehensive” planning for the defence forces besides focusing on military doctrines to deal with emerging security challenges. The DPC will be a permanent body chaired by the National Security Advisor. The committee will comprise: • National Security Advisor (NSA). • Foreign secretary. • Chairman of chiefs of staff committee. • The Army, Navy and Air Force chiefs. • Secretary (expenditure) in the Finance Ministry. The chairman of the DPC can co-opt experts into it depending on requirement.

Ans 4: (a)

The Island Development Agency has been set up for the development of islands. The meetings of the agency are chaired by the Union Home Minister. Members of the IDA include cabinet secretary, home secretary, secretary (environment, forests and climate change), secretary (tourism) and secretary (tribal welfare).

Ans 5: (d)

To demonstrate the potential of satellite technology for development of rural areas, ISRO established Village Resource Centres (VRCs).

Ans 6: (c)

India has been admitted to Agreement on the Establishment of an International Transport and Transit Corridor between Iran, Oman, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan signed on April 25, 2011, known as the Ashgabat Agreement. India’s accession to the Agreement will entered into force on February 3, 2018. The Ashgabat Agreement aims to develop a shortest trade route between Central Asian countries and Iranian and Omani ports. The Ashgabat Agreement has Oman, Iran, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan as founding members. Kazakhstan has also joined this arrangement subsequently. In October 2016, Pakistan also formally joined the Ashgabat Agreement.

Ans 7: (b)

The Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India Natural Gas Pipeline (TAPI) Project is a natural gas pipeline being developed by the Asian Development Bank. The TAPI pipeline will have a capacity to carry 90 million standard cubic metres a day gas for a 30-year period and be operational in 2018.

Ans 8: (b)

The World Congress on Information Technology (WCIT) 2018 is being held in Hyderabad, India. The event is organised by the World Information Technology and Services Alliance. The theme: ‘Future Enterprises.’

Ans 9: (c)

Ans 10: (d)

Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor is a mega infra-structure project of USD 90 billion with the financial & technical aids from Japan, covering an overall length of 1483 KMs between the political capital and the business capital of India, i.e. Delhi and Mumbai. A MoU in this regard was signed in 2006. The project would include six mega investment regions of 200 square kilometres each and will run through six states Delhi, Western Uttar Pradesh, Southern Haryana, Eastern Rajasthan, Eastern Gujarat, and Western Maharashtra.

Ans 11: (a)

Montreux Record under the Ramsar Convention is a register of wetland sites on the List of Wetlands of International Importance where changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution or other human interference. It is maintained as part of the Ramsar List. The Montreux Record was established by Recommendation of the Conference of the Contracting Parties (1990). Sites may be added to and removed from the Record only with the approval of the Contracting Parties in which they lie.

Ans 12: (a)

The environment ministry has released the India State of Forest Report (ISFR) 2017. The ISFR report is published every two years. The India State of Forest Report 2017 is the 15th such report in the series. The report, however, for the first time contains information on decadal change in water bodies in forest during 2005-2015, forest fire, production of timber from outside forest, state wise carbon stock in different forest types and density classes. Report shows that three states – Andhra Pradesh, followed by Karnataka and Kerala – have shown the maximum increase in forest cover. On the other hand, forest cover in states like Mizoram, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura and Meghalaya has decreased in 2017 as compared to 2015. Madhya Pradesh has the largest forest cover of 77,414 sq km in the country in terms of area, followed by Arunachal Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. In terms of percentage of forest cover with respect to the total geographical area, Lakshadweep with (90.33%) has the highest forest cover, followed by Mizoram (86.27%) and Andaman & Nicobar Island (81.73%).

Ans 13: (d)

National Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Centre (NCIIPC) is an organisation created under Sec 70A of the Information Technology Act, 2000. It is designated as the National Nodal Agency in respect of Critical Information Infrastructure Protection. NCIIPC has broadly identified the following as ‘Critical Sectors’: • Power & Energy. • Banking, Financial Services & Insurance. • Telecom. • Transport. • Government. • Strategic & Public Enterprises.

Ans 14: (d)

China, Taiwan, Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore and Vietnam.

Ans 15: (c)

Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana aims to provide LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) connections to poor households.

Ans 16: (b)

The Union Cabinet has approved National Policy on Biofuels – 2018. The Policy categorises biofuels as “Basic Biofuels” viz. First Generation (1G) bioethanol & biodiesel and “Advanced Biofuels” – Second Generation (2G) ethanol, Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) to drop- in fuels, Third Generation (3G) biofuels, bio-CNG etc. to enable extension of appropriate financial and fiscal incentives under each category. Classification of Biofuels: 1st generation biofuels are also called conventional biofuels and are made from sugar, starch, or vegetable oil etc. 2nd generation biofuels are produced from sustainable feedstock. Second generation biofuels are often called “advanced biofuels.” 3rd generation biofuels are biofuel derived from algae.

Ans 17: (c)

Ans 18: (b)

The ‘Adopt a Heritage Scheme’ of Ministry of Tourism was launched on World Tourism Day i.e. 27th September, 2017. This project is a key initiative of Ministry of Tourism in close collaboration with Ministry of Culture and Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), to develop the heritage sites / monuments and making them tourist-friendly to enhance the tourism potential and their cultural importance in a planned and phased manner. The World Heritage Day is celebrated on 18th April.

Ans 19: (c)

National Cultural Audiovisual Archives (NCAA) project of the Ministry of Culture, Government of India, implemented by Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA) has been certified as the world’s first Trusted Digital Repository as per ISO 16363:2012 standard, granted by Primary Trustworthy Digital Repository Authorisation Body Ltd. (PTAB), United Kingdom.

Ans 20: (d)

The headquarters of the Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI) has been shifted from Chennai to Haryana’s Ballabhgarh. Established in 1962 under Section 4 of The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act,1960, the Animal Welfare Board of India is a statutory advisory body advising the Government of India on animal welfare laws, and promotes animal welfare in the country of India.

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