[CSP] Test PT19ST10 – Polity & Governance

#1. Consider the following statements:

1. From its inception and till the year 1990, the Election Commission functioned as a single member body.

2. From 1990 onwards, the Election Commission has functioned as a multimember body.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

#2. Consider the following statements:

1. The Chief Election Commissioner is appointed by the President.

2. The Chief Election Commissioner holds the office during the pleasure of the President.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

#3. Consider the following statements:

1. The returning officer for each constituency in a district is appointed by the Chief Electoral Officer of the concerned state.

2. The presiding officer for every polling booth in a constituency is appointed by the returning officer of that constituency.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

#4. Consider the following statements:

1. The Finance Commission consists of a Chairperson and six other members to be appointed by the President.

2. They hold office for such period as specified by the President in his order.

3. They are not eligible for reappointment.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 2 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

#5. Consider the following statements:

1. The Finance Commission submits its report to the Public Accounts Committee.

2. The recommendations made by the Finance Commission are not binding on the government.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

#6. Consider the following statements:

1. The Comptroller and Auditor of India hold his office for a period of five years or upto the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier.

2. He can resign any time from his office by addressing the resignation letter to the President.

Which of the above statements is/are not correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

#7. Which of the following corporations are audited totally and directly by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India?

1. Life Insurance Corporation of India

2. Reserve Bank of India

3. Oil and Natural Gas Commission

4. Damodar Valley Corporation

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 3 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

#8. Consider the following statements:

1. The procedure and grounds of removal of the Attorney General of India are contained in the Constitution.

2. The term of office of the Attorney General of India is fixed by the Constitution.

Which of the above statement is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

#9. Consider the following statements:

1. The Attorney General of India cannot take part in the proceedings of a joint sitting of the Parliament.

2. The Attorney General of India can take part in the proceedings of any committee of the Parliament.

Which of the above statement is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

#9. Consider the following statements:

1. The remuneration of the Attorney General of India is determined by the President.

2. The Attorney General of India holds office during the pleasure of the President.

Which of the above statement is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solutions:

Ans 1 (d):

Since its inception in 1950 and till 15 October 1989, the Election Commission functioned as a single member body consisting of the Chief Election Commissioner. On 16 October 1989, the President appointed two more election commissioners. However, the two posts of election commissioners were abolished in January 1990 and the Election Commission was reverted to its earlier position. Again in October 1993, the President appointed two more election commissioners. Since then, the Election Commission has been functioning as a multimember body.

Ans 2 (a):

The Chief Election Commissioner cannot be removed from his office except in same manner and on the same grounds as a judge of the Supreme Court. In other words, he can be removed by the President on the basis of a resolution passed to that effect by both the Houses of Parliament with special majority, either on the ground of proved misbehaviour or incapacity. Thus, the Chief Election Commissioner does not hold his office during the pleasure of the President, though he is appointed by the President.

Ans 3 (d):

At the state level, the Election Commission is assisted by the chief electoral officer who is appointed by the Chief Election Commissioner in consultation with the state government. Below this, at the district level, the collector acts as the district returning officer. He appoints a returning officer for every constituency in the district and presiding officer for every polling booth in the constituency.

Ans 4 (c):

The Finance Commission consists of a Chairperson and four other members to be appointed by the President. They hold office for such period as specified by the President in his order. They are eligible for reappointment.

Ans 5 (b):

The Finance Commission submits its report to the President. He lays it before both the Houses of Parliament along with an explanatory memorandum as to the action taken on its recommendations.

The recommendations made by the Finance Commission are only of advisory nature and hence,  not binding on the government.

Ans 6 (a):

The Comptroller and Auditor of India hold his office for a period of six years or upto the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier. He can resign any time from his office by addressing the resignation letter to the President.

The questions asks you to identify the incorrect statements.

Ans 7 (c):

Some corporations are audited totally and directly by the CAG, for example, Damodar Valley Corporation, Oil and Natural Gas Commission and others.

Some other corporations are audited by private professional auditors who are appointed by the Central Government in consultation with the CAG. If necessary, the CAG can conduct supplementary audit. For example, Industrial Finance Corporation, Central Warehousing Corporation, and others.

Some other corporations are totally subjected to private audit. They submit their annual reports and accounts directly to the Parliament. For example, LIC, RBI, SBI, FCI, and others.

Ans 8 (d):

The Constitution does not contain the procedure and grounds of removal of the Attorney General of India. The term of office of the Attorney General of India is not fixed by the Constitution.

Ans 9 (d):

The Attorney General of India has the right to speak and to take part in the proceedings of both the Houses of Parliament or their joint sitting and any committee of which he may be named a member, but without a right to vote.

Ans 10 (c):

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Categories: CSP_GS I

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