[CSP] Test PT19ST12 – Environment & Biodiversity

#1. The concept of ‘Common but Differentiated Responsibilities’ was formalized at the

(a) World Summit on Sustainable Development, Johannesburg, 2002

(b) UN Conference on Environment and Development, Rio de Janeiro, 1992

(c) UN Conference on the Human Environment, Stockholm, 1972

(d) UNFCCC Conference of the Parties, Kyoto, 1997

#2. Which of the following brings out the ‘State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture’ report?

(a) World Economic Forum

(b) International Maritime Organization

(c) Food and Agriculture Organization

(d) World Trade Organisation

#3. What is ‘Washington Convention’ which is sometimes in news?

(a) It is an international agreement aimed at garnering ‘green funds’ that can be used to mitigate the adverse effect of the imminent damage caused by climate change

(b) It is an international agreement to ensure that the Ramsar Wetlands are provided with enough governmental attention to prevent any further damage to them

(c) It is an international agreement aimed at identifying the biodiversity hotspots and ensuring that the survival of the exquisite wildlife and plants found therein is not threatened

(d) It is an international agreement to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival

#4. Which of the following conventions is concerned with the conservation of migratory species?

(a) Stockholm Convention

(b) Minamata Convention

(c) Bonn Convention

(d) Basel Convention

#5. The year 2018 was declared as the International Year of Reef by the

(a) Earth Law Centre

(b) United Nations

(c) UNESCO

(d) International Coral Reef Initiative

#6. Consider the following statements:

1. Environment Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority, EPCA, was constituted under the Environment Protection Act, 1986.

2. Its mandate includes improving the quality of environment in the National Capital Region.

3. It was first constituted in the year 1993 to give effect to some of the outcomes of the Earth Summit, 1992.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

#7. Consider the following statements:

1. Asiatic Lion is listed in Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 as well as the Appendix I to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora.

2. Asiatic Lion Conservation Project has been launched recently by the Gujarat government to protect and conserve the world’s last free ranging population of Asiatic Lion and its associated ecosystems.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

#8. Lippa-Arsa Wildlife Sanctuary is located in 

(a) Himachal Pradesh

(b) Arunachal Pradesh

(c) Jammu & Kashmir

(d) Sikkim

#9. Which of the following pairs is/are correctly matched?

1. Indian Council of Forestry Research & Education : Dehradun

2. National Centre for Biological Sciences : Bhopal

Select the correct answer from the options given below.

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

#10. Which of the following pair of protected areas is located at about the same latitude?

(a) Nokrek and Dibru Saikhowa

(b Dehang Debang and Hemis

(c) Simlipal and Sundarbans

(d) Nilgiri and Agasthyamalai

Solutions:

Ans 1 (b):

Common But Differentiated Responsibilities (CBDR) was formalized in Earth Summit, Rio de Janeiro, 1992.

Ans 2 (c):

Ans 3 (d):

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, CITES, is also known as the Washington Convention.

Ans 4 (c):

Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals is also known as Bonn Convention. India will host the next CMS Conference of the Parties 13 (CMS COP13) in the year 2020.

Ans 5 (d):

Ans 6 (b):

EPCA is a Supreme Court mandated body tasked with taking various measures to tackle pollution in the NCR. It was notified in 1998 under Environment Protection Act, 1986. It was recently reconstituted after the term of the last EPCA expired in October, 2018.

Ans 7 (a):

Asiatic Lion is listed in Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, categorized as ‘endangered’ on IUCN Red List and also listed in Appendix I to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has launched the “Asiatic Lion Conservation Project” with an aim to protect and conserve the world’s last ranging free population of Asiatic Lion and its associated ecosystem.

Ans 8 (a):

A snow leopard was spotted at a height of about 4,000 metres in Lippa-Asra wildlife sanctuary in Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh. The rare sighting was captured by a camera-trap installed by the state wildlife department.

Ans 9 (a):

Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change released the National Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) strategy. It has been prepared by the ICFRE, Dehradun.

Scientists and Researchers from the National Centers for Biological Sciences (NCBS), Bangalore introduced, Mammals of India (MaOI),  a model of the repository on Indian mammals. MaOI is a first-ever citizen-scientific repository introduced in September 2018.

Ans 10 (c):

Nokrek national park is in Meghalaya and Dibru Saikhowa national park is way up in Assam. Nilgiri reserve is at the tri-junction of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala whereas Agasthyamalai reserve is way down in Kerala. Dehang Debang is in northern Arunachal Pradesh and Hemis is up north in Jammu & Kashmir. Simlipal is in Odisha and Sundarbans is in West Bengal and are almost at the same latitude.

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