[CSP] Test PT19ST16 – Current Affairs

Space Exploration

#1. Consider the following statements:

1. ‘Opportunity’ was the first rover to land on Mars.

2. It gathered evidence to demonstrate that Mars in the ancient past was wet and warm enough to possibly sustain life.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Indices

#2. Which of the following is/are measured to arrive at the Global Hunger Index?

1. Chile Mortality

2. Child Stunting

3. Child Wasting

Select the correct alternative using the codes given below.

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

#3. Which of the following released the Human Capital Index?

(a) World Bank

(b) International Monetary Fund

(c) United Nations Human Rights Council

(d) European Union

International Events

#4. Which of the following is closest to Mumbai?

(a) Singapore

(b) Chabahar

(c) Bandar Abbas

(d) Jakarta

#5. ‘Yellow Vests Movement,’ which is sometimes in news, had its genesis in which of the following countries?

(a) France

(b) Germany

(c) Spain

(d) Portugal

#6. Who of the following shared the Nobel Prize for Economics for the year 2018 with William Nordhaus for their work on understanding how economies can grow sustainably, by integrating innovation and climate with economic growth?

(a) George Smith  

(b) Frances Arnold  

(c) Paul Romer  

(d) Greg Winter

#7. The acronym CAATSA, which has been in news recently, is used in the context of the affairs of

(a) UK

(b) Australia

(c) Russia

(d) USA

National Events

#8. ‘Maitree Exercise 2018’ was conducted between the armies of India and

(a) Bangladesh

(b) Thailand

(c) Bhutan

(d) Nepal

#9. The recently announced ‘Project Sashakt’ is a comprehensive plan for

(a) making women self-reliant through skill development  

(b) resolution of stressed assets in banking sector  

(c) improving the financial health of under-performing public sector undertakings  

(d) preventing inward migration of coastal communities by providing employment avenues in coastal regions

#10. Consider the following statements about the ‘Vittiya Saksharata Abhiyan’ launched by the government of India:

1. The initiative has been launched by the Union Ministry of Finance

2. It aims to encourage, create awareness and motivate people to use a digitally enabled cashless economic system for transfer of funds

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solutions

Ans 1 (b):

Opportunity landed on Mars in January 2004, a few weeks after its rover twin, Spirit. As Opportunity explored craters on Mars, it gathered evidence to demonstrate the planet in the ancient past was wet and warm enough to possibly sustain life. That included the discovery of white veins of the mineral gypsum, an indication of water moving through underground fractures.

Spirit ended its mission in 2010.  Another NASA rover called Curiosity, arrived on Mars in 2012. NASA’s InSight spacecraft, the first robotic lander designed to study the deep interior of a distant world, touched down safely on the surface of Mars in November.

Ans 2 (d):

The GHI scores are based on a formula that captures three dimensions of hunger—insufficient caloric intake, child undernutrition, and child mortality—using four component indicators:

Under nourishment : the share of the population that is under-nourished,
Child wasting : the share of children under the age of five who are wasted (low weight-for-height), reflecting acute undernutrition.
Child stunting : the share of children under the age of five who are stunted (low height-for-age), reflecting chronic undernutrition.
Child mortality : the mortality rate of children under the age of five

Ans 3 (a):

The World Bank released a Human Capital Index (HCI) as part of the World Development Report 2019. 

Broader theme of the World Development Report (WDR) this year is “The Changing Nature of Work”. As part of this report, the World Bank has launched a Human Capital Project (HCP). The HCP programme is claimed to be a program of advocacy, measurement, and analytical work to raise awareness and increase demand for interventions to build human capital. There are three components of HCP- a cross-country human capital measurement metric called the Human Capital Index (HCI), a programme of measurement and research to inform policy action, and a programme of support for country strategies to accelerate investment in human capital. 

Ans 4 (b):

Source : The Hindu

Ans 5 (a):

Ans 6 (c):

Ans 7 (d):

CAATSA stands for Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act.

Ans 8 (b):

The Indian Army and the Royal Thai Army today completed a two-week-long platoon level annual joint military exercise aimed at strengthening partnership and cooperation between them in August 2018.

Ans 9 (b):

Project Sashakt is a five-pronged strategy to deal with non-performing assets (NPAs) recommended by the Sunil Mehta-led committee.

Ans 10 (b):

Union Minister for Human Resource Development launched ‘Vittiya Saksharta Abhiyan’ for creating awareness among people about digital economy and cashless modes of transactions.

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