[CSP] Test PT19ST17 – History & Culture

Ancient/Medieval India & Indian Culture

#1. Under the Mauryan administration, the offices of ‘Samaharta‘ and ‘Sannidhata‘ were related to

(a) mining activities

(b) relation with the neighbouring rulers

(c) tax administration

(d) activities related to wars

#2. Which one of the following temple was built in a different architectural design compared to the other three?

(a) Kandarya Mahadeo Temple, Khajuraho

(b) Kailasanatha Temple, Kanchipuram

(c) Sun Temple, Konark

(d) Jagannatha Temple, Puri

#3. Which of the following is/are correctly matched?

Theatre Form : Region

1. Ankia Naat : Western India

2. Dashavatar : Konkan Region

3. Bhand Pather : Central India

Choose the correct alternative using the codes given below.

(a) 2 and 3 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

#4. Consider the following statements:

1. Arches and domes, which were Turkish inventions, were used by them on a wide scale in their buildings in India.

2. The arches were decorated with human or animal figures and scrolls of flowers.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

#5. Consider the following statements:

1. ‘Thangka Paintings‘ are hand made paintings popular in the tribal areas of Jharkhand.

2. They depict images of local deities and episodes from popular texts like Mahabharata and Ramayana.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Modern India

#6. By the virtue of which of the following, the governance of India was transferred directly to the British Government thus ending the rule of East India Company?

(a) The Indian Council Act of 1861

(b) The Regulating Act of 1773

(c) The Pitt’s India Act of 1784

(d) The Government of India Act of 1858

#7. In the context of Indian freedom struggle, what were ‘Anushilan Samiti‘ and ‘Abhinav Bharat‘?

(a) regional committees enrolling the masses for carrying out the constructive work as propounded by the Indian National Congress

(b) rural societies that reached out to the peasantry of the country espousing the cause of freedom struggle

(c) secret societies propagating the idea of revolutionary terrorism to uproot the British from Indian soil

(d) committees carrying out the task of keeping the spirits of the masses alive during the period of inactivity in the mass movements

#8. Which of the following movement followed the failure of the Cripps Mission?

(a) Quit India Movement

(b) Non Cooperation Movement

(c) Civil Disobedience Movement

(d) Swadeshi Movement

#9. Vaikom Satyagraha was organised to oppose

(a) the repressive tax regime in Kerala

(b) the hereditary rights of land ownership

(c) the exclusion of lower castes from entering the temples

(d) the system of begar which burdened the peasantry

Q10. Who of the following was the first one to offer Individual Satyagraha?

(a) Jyotiba Phule

(b) Jawahal Lal Nehru

(c) Vinoba Bhave

(d) Rajendra Prasad

Solutions:

Ans 1 (c):

The samaharta was the highest officer in charge of assessment and the sannidhata was the chief custodian of the state treasury and store-house.

Ans 2 (b):

An early example of the Dravida style of temple architecture is the 8th century temple of Kailashnath at Kanchipuram.

The most representative temples of Nagara style are the group of temples at Khajuraho in Madhya Pradesh and at Bhubaneshwar in Orissa (Odisha). The Parsvanatha temple, the Visvanatha temple and the Kandarya Mahadeo Temple at Khajuraho illustrate this style in its richest and most finished form. In Odisha, the most magnificent examples of temple architecture of the time are the Lingaraja temple (11th century) and the Sun temple of Konark (13th century). The famous Jagannath temple at Puri also belongs to this period.

Ans 3 (b):

Ankia Naat : Assam
Dashavatar : Goa and Konkan region
Bhand Pather : Jammu & Kashmir

Ans 4 (d):

In their building, the Turks used the arch and the dome on a wide scale. Neither the arch nor the dome was a Turkish or Muslim invention. The Arabs borrowed them from Rome through the Byzantine empire, developed them and made them their own.
…no human or animal figures were used…Instead they used scrolls of flowers and verses of Quran which were intertwined in a very artistic manner.

Ans 5 (d):

Typical Paintings of Sikkim (as well as Tibet) are the Thangkas. They are created on cotton canvas and often framed with silk. They depict images of different deities and philosophies related to Buddhism.

Ans 6 (d):

An act of Parliament in 1858 transferred the power to govern from the East India Company to the British Crown.

Ans 7 (c):

In 1904, V D Savarkar had organized the Abhinav Bharat, a secret society of revolutionaries.

Many secret societies of terrorist youth came into existence. The most famous of these were the Anushilan Samiti whose Dhaka section alone had 500 branches.

Ans 8 (a):

After Cripps departure, Gandhiji framed a resolution calling for British withdrawal and a non-violent on-cooperation movement against any Japanese invasion. The CWC meeting at Wardha (July 14, 1942) accepted the idea of a struggle. The Quit India Resolution was ratified on August 8, 1942.

Ans 9 (c):

On 30th March 1924, the Satyagrahis led by K P Kesava Menon, started their march towards the temple located at Vaikom, a village in Travancore.

Ans 10 (c):

Vinoba Bhave (1st), Jawahar Lal Nehru (2nd), Brahma Datt (3rd).

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