[CSP] Test PT19ST23 – Current Affairs

#1. Global Centre for Cybersecurity has been launched by- and shall function as an autonomous organisation under

(a) ICANN Security and Stability Working Group

(b) Organisation of Economic Cooperation and Development

(c) Internet Society

(d) World Economic Forum

#2. Common Service Centres, which are sometimes in news, have been set up under the

(a) Digital India Programme

(b) Make in India Programme

(c) Stand-Up India Programme

(d) Startup India Programme

#3. ‘Sammakka-Sarakka’ was recently in news. What is it?

(a) A tribal dialect spoken in Nagaland and neighbouring States

(b) A tribal form of weaving prevalent in Sikkim and northern West Bengal

(c) A tribal festival of Telangana and surrounding States

(d) A tribal practice of water conservation practiced in southern Odisha and northern Andhra Pradesh

#4. Which of the following is/are among the findings of the India State of Forest Report, 2017?

1. After Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka has shown the maximum increase in the forest cover.

2. After Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh has the largest forest cover in terms of area.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

#5. ‘Blue Moon’, which is sometimes in news, refers to an event where

(a) the moon appears blue

(b) a second full moon appears in a calendar month

(c) the moon appears extremely large

(d) no full moon appears in a calendar month

#6. Which of the following statements is NOT correct?

(a) The Minamata Convention on Mercury is an international treaty designed to protect human health and the environment from anthropogenic emissions and releases of mercury and mercury compounds

(b) Scientists have recently discovered that permafrost in the northern hemisphere stores massive amounts of natural mercury

(c) Mercury is one of the common elements found in the earth’s crust

(d) Mercury is the only metallic element that is liquid at standard conditions for temperature and pressure

#7. Talley Valley Wildlife Sanctuary is located in which of the following states?

(a) Meghalaya

(b) Arunachal Pradesh

(c) Assam

(d) Tripura

#8. What is Tholu Bommalata ?

(a) Traditional martial art form of Kerala

(b) Traditional dance form of Tamil Nadu

(c) Traditional puppetry art form of Andhra Pradesh

(d) Traditional weaving form of Karnataka

#9. ‘Gyetongba’ is a text associated with

(a) Zoroastrianism

(b) Sikhism

(c) Jainism

(d) Buddhism

#10. Consider the following statements:

1. The National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission (NCDRC) was set up under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006.

2. The commission is headed by a sitting or retired judge of the Supreme Court of India.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solutions:

Ans 1: (d)

The World Economic Forum (WEF) has launched new Global Centre for Cybersecurity in a bid to safeguard world from hackers and growing data breaches — especially from nation-states. The centre will be headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. The Global Centre for Cybersecurity will function as an autonomous organization under WEF. It will help to build a safe and secure global cyberspace. Its aim is to establish first global platform for governments, businesses, experts and law enforcement agencies to collaborate on cybersecurity challenges.

Ans 2: (a)

Common Services Centers are a strategic cornerstone of the Digital India programme. They are the access points for delivery of various electronic services to villages in India, thereby contributing to a digitally and financially inclusive society.

Ans 3: (c)

Sammakka-Sarakka Jatara is held by forest dwelling Koya tribe of Telangana and surrounding States and it is the biggest Tribal festival in Asia.

Ans 4: (a)

The environment ministry has released the India State of Forest Report (ISFR) 2017. The ISFR report is published every two years. The India State of Forest Report 2017 is the 15th such report in the series. The report, however, for the first time contains information on decadal change in water bodies in forest during 2005-2015, forest fire, production of timber from outside forest, state wise carbon stock in different forest types and density classes. Report shows that three states – Andhra Pradesh, followed by Karnataka and Kerala – have shown the maximum increase in forest cover. On the other hand, forest cover in states like Mizoram, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura and Meghalaya has decreased in 2017 as compared to 2015. Madhya Pradesh has the largest forest cover of 77,414 sq km in the country in terms of area, followed by Arunachal Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. In terms of percentage of forest cover with respect to the total geographical area, Lakshadweep with (90.33%) has the highest forest cover, followed by Mizoram (86.27%) and Andaman & Nicobar Island (81.73%).

Ans 5: (b)

A ‘Super Moon’ is simply a moon that is closer to the Earth than normal. As a result, it appears bigger and brighter in the sky.

A ‘Blue Moon’ is also simple and means the second full moon in a calendar month.

A ‘Blood Moon’ happens when sunlight passes through the atmosphere above the Earth, casting a dark colour across the surface of the moon.

Ans 6: (c)

Mercury is a very rare element in the Earth’s crust. It accounts for only about only 0.08 parts per million (ppm).

Ans 7: (b)

Talley Valley Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary as well as a bio-diversity hotspot located in Arunachal Pradesh. It is situated at altitude of 2400 metres with rivers like Pange, Sipu, Karing and Subansiri flowing through the Reserved Forest and Sanctuary. Talley is plateau with dense forest of silver fir trees, pine clad plateau of beautiful grandeur, and vast wasteland. It mainly comprises sub-tropical and alpine forests and has variety of flora and fauna, many of which are endangered. It is home to highly endangered species like clouded leopard. Pleioblastus simone is a bamboo variety only found in Talley Valley. Arunachal Pradesh as a whole contains 40% of the floral and faunal species in India.

Ans 8: (c)

Tholu Bommalata is the shadow puppet theatre tradition of the state of Andhra Pradesh. Tholu Bommalata literally means “the dance of leather puppets”.

Ans 9: (d)

Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH) is engaged in restoration works of a trove of more than 600 pages of rare Tibetan manuscripts which contains Buddha’s teachings written in gold letters. The restoration work is being carried out at Mak Dhog Monastery in West Bengal. The manuscripts contain the ancient Tibetan text called Gyetongba, which contains teachings of Buddhism. The manuscripts are in the Tibetan script Sambhota, named after its inventor.

Ans 10: (b)

The National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission (NCDRC), India is a quasi-judicial commission in India which was set up in 1988 under the Consumer Protection Act of 1986. The commission is headed by a sitting or retired judge of the Supreme Court of India.

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