[CSP-2020] Solutions – Diagnostic Test 1

  • Here are the solutions to Diagnostic Test 1.

  • Award yourself 2 marks for every correct answer and take away -0.66 for every wrong answer. 

#1. (a)

India has proposed to remove rosewood (Dalbergia sissoo) from Appendix II of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), a multilateral treaty to protect endangered plants and animals. The species is currently part of Appendix II of CITES that has species not necessarily threatened with extinction, but in which trade must be controlled to avoid utilization incompatible with their survival. CITES has three appendices. Appendix I has species threatened with extinction. Trade in specimens of these species is permitted only in exceptional circumstances.

The correct answer is: 1 only

#2. (c)

The Asian Tea Alliance (ATA), a union of five tea-growing and consuming countries, was launched in Guizhou, China. It is an outcome of the signing of a memorandum of understanding in December 2018 between the Indian Tea Association and China Tea Marketing Association. India, China, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Japan are the participating countries. It will work towards enhancing tea trade, promoting tea globally, and creating a sustainability agenda for the future of Asian tea.

The correct answer is: Both 1 and 2

#3. (c)

Afghanistan began exports to India through Chabahar port.

The correct answer is: Gulf of Oman

#4. (a)

The WHO has embarked on its new 5-year strategic plan, with an ambitious triple billion target: Ensuring 1 billion more people benefit from universal health coverage, 1 billion more are protected from health emergencies and 1 billion improve their overall health.

The correct answer is: WHO

#5. (c)

The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN). It was established in June 1945 by the Charter of the United Nations and began work in April 1946. The seat of the Court is at the Peace Palace in The Hague (Netherlands). Of the six principal organs of the United Nations, it is the only one not located in New York (United States of America). The Court’s role is to settle, in accordance with international law, legal disputes submitted to it by States and to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by authorized United Nations organs and specialized agencies. The Court is composed of 15 judges, who are elected for terms of office of nine years by the United Nations General Assembly and the Security Council. It is assisted by a Registry, its administrative organ. Its official languages are English and French.

International Criminal Court is the first permanent, treaty-based, International criminal court, with jurisdiction to prosecute individuals for international crimes of genocide, crimes against Humanity, war crimes and crimes of aggression. Established in 2002 and governed by the Rome Statute, which was adopted in 1998. It has territorial jurisdiction over nations that are party to the Rome Statute or have accepted the court’s jurisdiction. It is an independent judicial body distinct from the UN. It works in cooperation with UN, Reports annually to the UNGA and also hear cases referred to by UNSC. It is located in The Hague, The Netherlands. India is not a member of ICC (neither signed nor ratified).

The correct answer is: 1 and 2 only

#6. (a)

It is a new global framework for financing sustainable development that aligns all financing flows and policies with economic, social and environmental priorities and ensures that financing is stable and sustainable. It lays out the steps the international community promises to take to fund the world’s new sustainable development agenda. It was adopted after being agreed at the 3rd International Conference on Financing for Development in 2015. It entered into implementation in 2016.

The correct answer is: sustainable development

#7. (a)

President gave assent to The Constitution (103rd Amendment) Act, 2019 (124th Constitution Amendment Bill) in January 2019 to provide 10% reservation in government jobs and educational institutions to the economically weaker sections (EWS) among those who are not covered under any reservation plan. The Act amends Article 15 to enable the government to take special measures (not limited to reservations) for the advancement of economically weaker sections. The amendment adds Article 16(6) which permits the government to reserve up to 10% of all posts for the economically weaker sections of citizens.

The correct answer is: 1 only

#8. (b)

Recently the Ministry of Human Resource Development has decided to implement the recommendations of a committee for the promotion and protection of Maithili language and its scripts. Lahauli is non-scheduled language spoken in Himachal Pradesh.

The correct answer is: 1, 2 and 3 only

#9. (d)

GRID (Grass Roots Initiative and Development) initiative of Exim Bank provides for financial support to promote grassroots initiatives/ technologies, particularly the ones with export potential and help the artisans/ producer groups/ clusters/ small enterprises/ NGOs realize remunerative return on their produce and facilitate exports from these units.

The correct answer is: Export-Import Bank of India

#10. (b)

Recently, the Government of Punjab declared the Indus Dolphin as Punjab’s ‘State Aquatic Animal’.

The correct answer is: Punjab
#11. (c)

Constitution (125th Amendment) Bill, 2019 was introduced in Rajya Sabha to increase the financial and executive powers of the 10 Autonomous Councils in the Sixth Schedule areas.

The correct answer is: Autonomous Councils in the Sixth Schedule areas 
#12. (b)

Peoples’ Biodiversity Registers (PBRs) are prepared by the Biodiversity Management Committees and contain complete documentation of the biodiversity in the area.

The correct answer is: 2 only
#13. (d)

1st India-Central Asia Dialogue was held in Samarkand, Uzbekistan and was co-chaired by the Minister of External Affairs of India. The ministerial level summit saw the participation of External Affairs Ministers of Afghanistan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan.

The correct answer is: Neither 1 nor 2
#14. (d)

GST Council is a constitutional body under Article 279(A). It is chaired by the Union Finance Minister.

The correct answer is: Neither 1 nor 2
#15. (a)

Sixth Schedule to the Indian Constitution deals with the administration of tribal areas Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.

The correct answer is: 1 and 2
#16. (b)

As of June 2019, only two Indian sites are listed on the Montreux Records namely Keoladeo National Park and Loktak Lake.

The correct answer is: 1 and 2 only
#17. (a)

Achieving land degradation neutrality by 2030 is one of the targets within the Sustainable Development Goals. India has adopted the same goal of achieving it by 2030 as adopted under SDG.

The correct answer is: 1 only
#18. (d)

India has moved up two places to rank 76th among 115 economies in 2019 on World Economic Forum’s Energy Transition Index. Despite its low ranking, India is the second best in the BRICS block of emerging economies, with Brazil being the best at 46th place globally. China lags behind at 82nd in the list. Sweden remains on the top on the list and is followed by Switzerland and Norway in the top three.

The correct answer is: World Economic Forum
#19. (b)

UN World Wildlife Day is observed on 3rd March, day of the signature of CITES, to celebrate and raise awareness of the world’s wild animals and plants.  The theme of World Wildlife Day 2019 is “Life Below Water: For people and planet” making it first World Wildlife Day highlighting the importance of marine biodiversity.

The correct answer is: marine biodiversity
#20. (a)

Idu Mishmi tribe of Arunachal Pradesh is protesting against the declaration of Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary (DWS) as Tiger Reserve.

The correct answer is: Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary

#21. (b)

Rain-fed areas contribute significantly to the country’s food production. They account for 88 per cent of pulses and 40 per cent rice production in the country. They also support 64 per cent of cattle population in the country.

The correct answer is: 1 and 2 only

#22. (c)

United Nations Environment Programme has released its first ever global assessment of environmental laws titled “Environmental Rule of Law”.

The correct answer is: United Nations Environment Programme

#23. (c)

The correct answer is: Ashgabat

#24. (a)

The UN Environment Assembly meets biennially to set priorities for global environmental policies and develop international environmental law.  The UNEA was created in June 2012 during the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, also referred to as Rio+20.

The correct answer is: 1 only

#25. (d)

The UN Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has named the Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro as the World Capital of Architecture for 2020. World Capital of Architecture initiative is a joint initiative of UNESCO and the International Union of Architects (UIA) launched in 2018. World Capital of Architecture is intended to become “an international forum for debates about pressing global challenges from the perspectives of culture, cultural heritage, urban planning and architecture”.

The correct answer is: 1, 2 and 3

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Categories: CSP_GS I

1 reply

  1. Thanks for detailed explanation

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