[CSP-2020] Solutions – Diagnostic Test 2

  • Here are the solutions to Diagnostic Test 2.

  • Award yourself 2 marks for every correct answer and take away -0.66 for every wrong answer.

Ans 1 (a)

Nazca plate: Between South America and Pacific plate

Caroline plate: Between the Philippine and Indian plate (north of New Guinea)

Fuji plate: North-east of Australia

The correct answer is: Cocos plate

Ans 2 (a)

Deltas and Point bars are depositional features.

The correct answer is: 1 and 2

Ans 3 (a)

Maximum insolation is received over the subtropical deserts, where the cloudiness is the least. Equator receives comparatively less insolation than the tropics. Generally, at the same latitude the insolation is more over the continent than over the oceans. In winter, the middle and higher latitudes receive less radiation than in summer.

The correct answer is: 1 only

Ans 4 (d)

During winter solstice, the length of the day is longest at the equator and shortest at the poles. During summer solstice, the length of the day is longest at the poles and shortest at the equator.

The correct answer is: During summer solstice, the length of the day is shortest at equator.

Ans 5 (d)

Both are depositional landforms found in glaciated regions.

The correct answer is: Neither 1 nor 2

Ans 6 (c)

Both Bhopal and Bengaluru lie at about 77 degree E longitude.

The correct answer is: Bhopal and Bengaluru

Ans 7 (c)

The two distinguishing features of the Himachal and Uttarakhand Himalayan region from the point of view of physiography are the ‘Shiwalik’ and ‘Dun formations’. All the three ranges of Himalayas are prominent in this section. As compared to the other sections of the Himalayas, the Darjiling and Sikkim Himalayas along with the Arunachal Himalayas are conspicuous by the absence of the Shiwalik formations. In place of the Shiwaliks here, the ‘duar formations’ are important, which have also been used for the development of tea gardens.

The correct answer is: Both 1 and 2

Ans 8 (b)

Western Ghats are comparatively higher in elevation and more continuous than the Eastern Ghats. Their average elevation is about 1,500 m with the height increasing from north to south. ‘Anaimudi’ (2,695 m), the highest peak of Peninsular plateau is located on the Anaimalai hills of the Western Ghats followed by Dodabetta (2,637 m) on the Nilgiri hills. Most of the Peninsular rivers have their origin in the Western Ghats. Eastern Ghats comprising the discontinuous and low hills are highly eroded by the rivers such as the Mahanadi, the Godavari, the Krishna, the Kaveri, etc.

The correct answer is: ‘Dodabetta’ is the highest peak of Anaimalai hills.

Ans 9 (c)

The Jhelum, an important tributary of the Indus, rises from a spring at Verinag situated at the foot of the Pir Panjal in the south-eastern part of the valley of Kashmir. The Chenab is the largest tributary of the Indus. It is formed by two streams, the Chandra and the Bhaga, which join at Tandi near Keylong in Himachal Pradesh. The Beas is another important tributary of the Indus, originating from the Beas Kund near the Rohtang Pass at an elevation of 4,000 m above the mean sea level. The river flows through the Kullu valley and forms gorges at Kati and Largi in the Dhaoladhar range. It enters the Punjab plains where it meets the Satluj near Harike.

The correct answer is: 2 and 3 only

Ans 10 (a)

The easterly jet stream sets in along 15°N latitude only after the western jet stream has withdrawn itself from the region. This easterly jet stream is held responsible for the burst of the monsoon in India.

The correct answer is: Easterly Jet Stream

Ans 11 (a)

Northern Arunachal Pradesh and Southern Mizoram receive annual rainfall in excess of 200 cms. Central Odisha receive annual rainfall between 100-200 cms and Western Gujarat receives 50-100 cms.

The correct answer is: 1 and 2

Ans 12 (b)

Amw –  Monsoon with short dry season

As – Monsoon with dry summer

Aw – Tropical savannah

Bwhw – Semi-arid steppe climate

Bwhw – Hot desert

Cwg – Monsoon with dry winter

Dfc – Cold humid winter with short summer

E – Polar type

The correct answer is: Monsoon with dry winter

Ans 13 (b)

Species found in these forests include rosewood, mahogony, aini, ebony, etc.

The correct answer is: Ebony, Mahogony, Rosewood

Ans 14 (a)

Nilgiri: Part of Wynad, Nagarhole, Bandipur and Madumalai, Nilambur, Silent Valley and Siruvani Hills (Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka).

Achanakmar-Amarkantak: Part of Anuppur and Dindori Districts of Madhya Pradesh and Bilaspur district of Chhattisgarh

Pachmarhi: Part of Betul, Hoshangabad and Chhindwara Districts in Madhya Pradesh.

The correct answer is: 1 and 2 only

Ans 15 (a)

Most of the rivers in Nagaland form the tributary of the Brahmaputra. While two rivers of Mizoram and Manipur are the tributaries of the Barak river, which in turn is the tributary of Meghna; the rivers in the eastern part of Manipur are the tributaries of Chindwin, which in turn is a tributary of the Irrawady of Myanmar.

The correct answer is: 1 only

Ans 16 (a)

Many rivers cut the Tropic of Cancer.

The correct answer is: 1 only

Ans 17 (d)

Sikkim shares boundary only with West Bengal and Meghalaya shares it with Assam only.

Madhya Pradesh shares boundary with Chhattisgarh, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Maharashtra.

Uttar Pradesh shares its border with Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Bihar as well as Delhi.

The correct answer is: Neither 1 nor 2

Ans 18 (b)

The correct answer is: Peru and Bolivia

Ans 19 (a)

The correct answer is: 1-2-3

Ans 20 (b)

Humboldt Current flows along the west coast of South America and Guinea Current flows away from the equator.

The correct answer is: 1 only

Ans 21 (b)

Duncan Passage separates South Andaman and Little Andaman Island while Narcondam Island lies to east of North Andaman Island.

The correct answer is: Narcondam Island lies in the Duncan Passage

Ans 22 (a)

The correct answer is: Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea

Ans 23 (b)

Savanna climate is similar to equatorial climate as regards temperature but the annual range of temperature ranging between 3°C and 8°C is greater than in the equatorial climate (where it is between 0.5°C and 1°C for island areas and between 2°C and 3°C for other areas.

The correct answer is: 1 and 3 only

Ans 24 (c)

The correct answer is: 2 only

Ans 25 (b)

This belt does appear to be thermally induced because there is low temperature throughout the year and as such there should have been high pressure belt instead of low pressure belt. It is thus obvious that this belt is dynamically produced.

The correct answer is: 2 and 3 only

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Categories: CSP_GS I

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