[CSP-2020] Solutions – Diagnostic Test 3

  • Here are the solutions to Diagnostic Test 3.

  • Award yourself 2 marks for every correct answer and take away -0.66 for every wrong answer.

Ans 1. (c)

In the Besnagar Pillar incription, Heliodorus (the Greek ambassador of the Indo-Greek king Antialkidas) describes himself as a Bhagavata i.e. worshipper of Vishnu.

The correct answer is: Heliodorus
Ans 2. (d)

Lalitavistara – The most sacred Mahayana text which supplied literary material for the Buddhacarita of Asvaghosa.

Mahavastu – The most important work of the Hinayana school which is a storehouse of stories.

Abhidhamma Pitaka – Religious discourse of Buddha. 

Visudhamagga – The treatise on Theravada Buddhist doctrine written by Buddhaghosa.

The correct answer is: Lalitavistara
Ans 3. (a)

The Prarthana Samaj was established in Bombay by Dr. Atma Ram Pandurang in 1867. Jyotirao Govindrao Phule started the Satya Shodhak Samaj in 1873. Swami Dayanand founded the Arya Samaj in 1875. Poona Sarvanajanik Sabha was started in 1870 by Mahadev Govind Ranade and his associates.

The correct answer is: Prarthana Samaj
Ans 4. (a)
Ans 5. (b)
The Nawab of Awadh had many heirs and could not therefore be covered by the Doctrine of Lapse. The Nawab was finally accused of having misgoverned his state and  of refusing to introduce reforms. His state was therefore annexed in 1856.
The correct answer is: 2 and 3
Ans 6. (c)

Naikada movement (1860s, Madhya Pradesh and Guajrat) against the British and the caste Hindus. Kharwar Rebellion by the Kharwars (1870s, Bihar) against the revenue settlement activities.

What is Paika rebellion? : When the British started tinkering with the revenue system in 1803, the farming community of Odisha rose in rebellion. At that critical juncture, Bakshi Jagabandhu Bidyadhar — the military chief of the King of Khurda — led his motley army of Paikas forcing the British East India Company forces to retreat. The rebellion came to be known as Paika Bidroh (Paika rebellion).

The correct answer is: 1 only

Ans 7. (b)

Lord Kitchener took over as Commander-in-Chief of the British Indian Army in 1902. On taking over the reigns, what irked him most was the “duality of control”. The Military Member in the Viceroy’s Council, generally a senior officer of the army, served as the “eyes and ears” on all matters militaries for the Governor General. The new Commander-in-Chief was not satisfied with this system; he dubbed it as operationally ineffective and remarked that “the present system is faulty, inefficient and incapable of the expansion necessary for any great war”. In his opinion the post of Military- Member could be easily dispensed with and his charter of responsibilities could be merged with that of the Commander-in-Chief. Lord Curzon was not amenable to these proposals and he vehemently disapproved them.

The correct answer is: System of dual control of the British Indian Army which was found operationally ineffective by the Commander-in-Chief
Ans 8. (b)

Kadambini Ganguly, the first woman graduate of Calcutta University, addressed the Congress session in 1890.

The correct answer is: 2 only
Ans 9. (b)

Krishnadevaraya, the greatest of the Vijayanagara emperors, was a poet of great merit. His work Amukta Malyada is regarded as an excellent prabandha in Telugu literature.

The correct answer is: Vijayanagara kingdom
Ans 10. (a)
The correct answer is: 2 only
Ans 11. (b)

Dutch East India Company was formed in 1602.

English East India Company was formed in 1599.

French East India Company was founded in 1664.

The correct answer is: 2-1-3
Ans 12. (d)
Thanjavur painting is a form of miniature painting that flourished during the late 18th and 19th centuries. However, its origin can be traced back to early 9th century.
Madhubani/Mithila painting is practiced in the Mithila region of Bihar and Nepal deriving its name from the Madhubani town in Bihar.

Cheriyal is an art form of painting scrolls for storytelling. 

The correct answer is: 1, 2 and 3
Ans 13. (a)

In 1881, along with G G Agarkar, B G Tilak founded the newspaper Kesari and Mahratta.

The correct answer is: G G Agarkar
Ans 14. (c)

In February 1919, Gandhiji founded the Satyagraha Sabha whose members took a pledge to disobey the Act (Rowlatt Act) and thus to court arrest and imprisonment.

The correct answer is: Both 1 and 2
Ans 15. (c)

Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya was the one who popularized the term ‘ Satyamev Jayate’ which means Truth Alone Triumphs. ‘Satyamev Jayate’ was said by Pandia Malviya in the session of 1918 when he was the President of Indian National Congress. It is a mantra from the ancient Indian scripture Mundaka Upanishad. ‘Satyamev Jayate’ was later adopted as India’s national motto and appears on its emblem.

The correct answer is: Madan Mohan Malviya
Ans 16. (c)
Ans 17. (d)

The correct answer is:  2    4    1    3

Ans 18. (b)
Ans 19. (d)

The Indian Home Rule Society was an Indian organisation founded in London in 1905 that sought to promote the cause of self-rule in British India. The organisation was founded by Shyamji Krishna Varma, with support from a number of prominent Indian nationalists in Britain at the time, including Bhikaji Cama, Dadabhai Naoroji and S.R. Rana.

The correct answer is: Shyamji Krishna Varma
Ans 20. (c)
Ans 21. (b)

Bharatnatyam dance is known to be ekaharya, where one dancer takes on many roles in a single performance.

The correct answer is: one dancer taking on many roles in single performance
Ans 22. (b)

Ashokan edicts were inscribed on stone pillars that were made of single columns of polished sandstone and had capitals on their top. The best preserved of all Ashokan edicts stands at Lauriya Nandangarh (Bihar). This thirty-two feet tall column has an almost fifty ton seated lion capital placed on its top, an engineering feat worth admiring. The bull capital from Rampura is also another fine example of Mauryan sculpture. The most famous capital is the one at Sarnath, which shows four lions and the Dharmachakra. This has been adopted as the national emblem of the Republic of India.

The correct answer is: Sarnath
Ans 23. (b)

Vishakhdutta wrote two great historical plays like: Mudra Rakshas and Dev Chandra Gupta.

The correct answer is: Vishakhdutta
Ans 24. (c)

Bankim Chandra Chatterji (l838-94) wrote novels originally in Bangla. They came to be translated into Hindi and became very popular. Vande Mataram, our national song, is an excerpt from his novel, Anand Math.

The correct answer is: Anand Math
Ans 25. (c)

Categories: CSP_GS I

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