Here are the solutions to Diagnostic Test 3.
Award yourself 2 marks for every correct answer and take away -0.66 for every wrong answer.
Ans 1. (c)
In the Besnagar Pillar incription, Heliodorus (the Greek ambassador of the Indo-Greek king Antialkidas) describes himself as a Bhagavata i.e. worshipper of Vishnu.
Lalitavistara – The most sacred Mahayana text which supplied literary material for the Buddhacarita of Asvaghosa.
Mahavastu – The most important work of the Hinayana school which is a storehouse of stories.
Abhidhamma Pitaka – Religious discourse of Buddha.
Visudhamagga – The treatise on Theravada Buddhist doctrine written by Buddhaghosa.
The Prarthana Samaj was established in Bombay by Dr. Atma Ram Pandurang in 1867. Jyotirao Govindrao Phule started the Satya Shodhak Samaj in 1873. Swami Dayanand founded the Arya Samaj in 1875. Poona Sarvanajanik Sabha was started in 1870 by Mahadev Govind Ranade and his associates.
Naikada movement (1860s, Madhya Pradesh and Guajrat) against the British and the caste Hindus. Kharwar Rebellion by the Kharwars (1870s, Bihar) against the revenue settlement activities.
What is Paika rebellion? : When the British started tinkering with the revenue system in 1803, the farming community of Odisha rose in rebellion. At that critical juncture, Bakshi Jagabandhu Bidyadhar — the military chief of the King of Khurda — led his motley army of Paikas forcing the British East India Company forces to retreat. The rebellion came to be known as Paika Bidroh (Paika rebellion).
The correct answer is: 1 only
Lord Kitchener took over as Commander-in-Chief of the British Indian Army in 1902. On taking over the reigns, what irked him most was the “duality of control”. The Military Member in the Viceroy’s Council, generally a senior officer of the army, served as the “eyes and ears” on all matters militaries for the Governor General. The new Commander-in-Chief was not satisfied with this system; he dubbed it as operationally ineffective and remarked that “the present system is faulty, inefficient and incapable of the expansion necessary for any great war”. In his opinion the post of Military- Member could be easily dispensed with and his charter of responsibilities could be merged with that of the Commander-in-Chief. Lord Curzon was not amenable to these proposals and he vehemently disapproved them.
Kadambini Ganguly, the first woman graduate of Calcutta University, addressed the Congress session in 1890.
Krishnadevaraya, the greatest of the Vijayanagara emperors, was a poet of great merit. His work Amukta Malyada is regarded as an excellent prabandha in Telugu literature.
Dutch East India Company was formed in 1602.
English East India Company was formed in 1599.
French East India Company was founded in 1664.
Cheriyal is an art form of painting scrolls for storytelling.
In 1881, along with G G Agarkar, B G Tilak founded the newspaper Kesari and Mahratta.
In February 1919, Gandhiji founded the Satyagraha Sabha whose members took a pledge to disobey the Act (Rowlatt Act) and thus to court arrest and imprisonment.
Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya was the one who popularized the term ‘ Satyamev Jayate’ which means Truth Alone Triumphs. ‘Satyamev Jayate’ was said by Pandia Malviya in the session of 1918 when he was the President of Indian National Congress. It is a mantra from the ancient Indian scripture Mundaka Upanishad. ‘Satyamev Jayate’ was later adopted as India’s national motto and appears on its emblem.
The correct answer is: 2 4 1 3
The Indian Home Rule Society was an Indian organisation founded in London in 1905 that sought to promote the cause of self-rule in British India. The organisation was founded by Shyamji Krishna Varma, with support from a number of prominent Indian nationalists in Britain at the time, including Bhikaji Cama, Dadabhai Naoroji and S.R. Rana.
Bharatnatyam dance is known to be ekaharya, where one dancer takes on many roles in a single performance.
Ashokan edicts were inscribed on stone pillars that were made of single columns of polished sandstone and had capitals on their top. The best preserved of all Ashokan edicts stands at Lauriya Nandangarh (Bihar). This thirty-two feet tall column has an almost fifty ton seated lion capital placed on its top, an engineering feat worth admiring. The bull capital from Rampura is also another fine example of Mauryan sculpture. The most famous capital is the one at Sarnath, which shows four lions and the Dharmachakra. This has been adopted as the national emblem of the Republic of India.
Vishakhdutta wrote two great historical plays like: Mudra Rakshas and Dev Chandra Gupta.
Bankim Chandra Chatterji (l838-94) wrote novels originally in Bangla. They came to be translated into Hindi and became very popular. Vande Mataram, our national song, is an excerpt from his novel, Anand Math.
Categories: CSP_GS I