- Here are the solutions to Diagnostic Test 6.
- Award yourself 2 marks for every correct answer and take away -0.66 for every wrong answer.
Ans 1 (a)
As an environmental treaty under the aegis of the United Nations Environment Programme, CMS provides a global platform for the conservation and sustainable use of migratory animals and their habitats. CMS brings together the States through which migratory animals pass, the Range States, and lays the legal foundation for internationally coordinated conservation measures throughout a migratory range.Migratory species that need or would significantly benefit from international co- operation are listed in Appendix II of the Convention.
Ans 2 (a)
During camera trapping exercise by Wild Conservation Trust and Madhya Pradesh Forest Department, Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra), one of the rarest Indian mammals, was discovered from Satpura Tiger Reserve Madhya Pradesh and Kanha-Pench Corridor.
There are two more species of otters are known to be present in India — the smooth-coated otter (Lutrogale perspicillata) and Asian small-clawed otter (Aonyx cinerea) — said officials.
The Eurasian otter has a wide distribution covering Europe, Africa and Asia. The species is listed as Near Threatened as per the IUCN Red List.
Based on indirect evidences and ancient records, Eurasian otter is believed to be found in the Himalayas and in some parts of the Western Ghats. These records of the Eurasian otter from the Satpura Tiger Reserve and Kanha-Pench Corridor not only extends their geographical range to central India but also provides the first- ever photographic evidence of the species in India.
Ans 3 (c)
Namdapha Tiger Reserve was declared in the year 1983 as the 15th Tiger Project of the country with a core area of 1808 Sq.Km and a buffer area of 177 Sq.Km. Thus the total area of the Reserve is 1985 Sq.Km. Namdapha is in fact the name of a river which originates from Daphabum (Dapha is the name of hill, Bum means peak of hill) and meets Noa-Dehing river. This river flows right across in a North-South direction of the National Park and hence the name Namdapha has been given. In local Singphoo language Nam means water or river and Dapha is the name of a clan of Singphoo tribe.
And 4 (d)
The Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change has notified the revised standards for coal-based Thermal Power Plants in the country, with the primary aim of minimising pollution. These standards are proposed to be implemented in a phased manner. Thermal power plants are categorised into 3 categories, namely those:- (i) Installed before 31st December, 2003 (ii) Installed after 2003 upto 31st December, 2016 and (iii) Installed after 31st December, 2016. The new standards are aimed at reducing emission of PM10(0.98 kg/MWh), sulphur dioxide(7.3 Kg/MWh) and Oxide of nitrogen (4.8 kg/MWh), which will in turn help in bringing about an improvement in the Ambient Air Quality (AAQ) in and around thermal power plants. The technology employed for the control of the proposed limit of Sulfur Dioxide – SO2 & Nitrogen Oxide – NOx will also help in control of mercury emission (at about 70-90%) as a co-benefit.
Ans 5 (c)
Ex situ Conservation– In this approach, threatened animals and plants are taken out from their natural habitat and placed in special setting where they can be protected and given special care. Zoological parks, botanical gardens and wildlife safari parks serve this purpose.
Ans 6 (a)
Ground level ozone is formed through a complex reaction between involving hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides, and sunlight.
Ans 7 (b)
Nokrek Biosphere Reserve in Garo Hills.
Karnaphuli rises in Mizoram and flows into Bangladesh
Ans 8 (a)
The Seventh Conference of Parties (COP-7) to the UNFCCC decided that Parties participating in CDM should designate a National Authority for the CDM and as per the CDM project cycle, a project proposal should include a written approval of voluntary participation from the Designated National Authority of each country and confirmation that the project activity assists the host country in achieving sustainable development.
Accordingly the Central Government constituted the National Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Authority for the purpose of protecting and improving the quality of environment in terms of the Kyoto Protocol. NCDMA is headed by the Secretary (Environment Ministry).
Ans 9 (c)
The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 has been enacted for protection of wild animals, birds and plants against hunting and commercial exploitation. The Wildlife Crime Control Bureau has been set up for control of poaching and illegal trade in wildlife and its products.
Ans 10 (c)
Ans 11 (a)
Ans 12 (b)
Under the provisions of Biological Diversity Act, 2002 (BDA) the State Government in consultation with local bodies may notify in the official gazette, areas of biodiversity importance as Biodiversity Heritage Sites (BHS).
Ans 13 (d)
Ans 14 (d)
Ans 15 (a)
In Earth Summit, Rio De Janero, Brazil, they formed a treaty called UNFCCC
· In third COP meeting at Kyoto, Japan, they come up with an idea under which
o Developed nations like US, will compulsorily reduce their green house gas (GHG) emission by 2012.
o Developing nations like India, should reduce GHG emission but not compulsory.
· Although various countries signed Kyoto Protocol in 1997, it did not came into force immediately.
· Kyoto protocol came into force only after required number of Annex 1 Countries ratified it.
- · So this was achieved only in 2005.
- · Thus, Kyoto although signed in 1997, came into force in 2005.
Ans 16 (b)
1. Dominance by grasses…………………Yes
2. Absence of tree species…………………No, there are less but they are there, in fact Savanna trees have developed several ways to conserve moisture like some of them have deep roots to obtain moisture from groundwater
3. Limited animal diversity…..No, In fact wide variety
4. Very low temperatures in cold season…….No, Temperature does not fall below 20 degree C in any month.
Ans 17 (c)
Ans 18 (a)
Ans 19 (d)
Upwelling Zones….. …..500
Open Ocean…………… 125
Continental Shelf…….. ..350
Reefs and Estuaries….. 2000
Ans 20 (b)
The Nilgiri tahr inhabits the open montane grassland habitats at elevations from 1200 to 2600 m (generally above 2000 m) of the South Western Ghats. Their range extends over 400 km from north to south, and Eravikulam National Park is home to the largest population. The other significant concentration is in the Nilgiri Hills, with smaller populations in the Anamalai Hills, Periyar National Park, Palni Hills and other pockets in the Western Ghats south of Eravikulam, almost to India’s southern tip.
Ans 21 (c)
Sundarbans is named after ‘Sundari’ trees.
Ans 22 (d)
Ans 23 (b)
Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary and estuary situated in Andhra Pradesh, India. It is the second largest stretch of mangrove forests in India with 24 mangrove tree species and more than 120 bird species. Simlipal National Park is a national park and a tiger reserve in the Mayurbhanj district in the Indian state of Odisha. Pichavaram is located near Chidambaram in Cuddalore District, Tamil Nadu, in South India.
Ans 24 (c)
The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has developed the criteria of categorization of industrial sectors based on the Pollution Index which is a function of the emissions (air pollutants), effluents (water pollutants), hazardous wastes generated and consumption of resources.
The Pollution Index PI of any industrial sector is a number from 0 to 100 and the increasing value of PI denotes the increasing degree of pollution load from the industrial sector. The following criteria on ‘Range of Pollution Index ‘for the purpose of categorization of industrial sectors is finalized.
o Industrial Sectors having Pollution Index score of 60 and above – Red category
o Industrial Sectors having Pollution Index score of 41 to 59 – Orange category
o Industrial Sectors having Pollution Index score of 21 to 40 – Green category
o Industrial Sectors having Pollution Index score incl.&upto 20 – White category
Ans 25 (d)
Hoolock Gibbon is the only Ape found in India, a primate species from the gibbon family of Hylobatidae. The Hoolock Gibbons of India are second largest of the gibbons, found only at south of Brahmaputra and east of the Dibang rivers in North East Indian states.
Categories: CSP_GS I